National Resource Management

Natural Resource Management - Agroforestry

Area of work

1. Suitable integrated farming system for NE Region
Among the five IFS models, highest benefit to cost ratio (1.76) was obtained in Dairy-fish-crop-vermi-compost-horticulture-hedgerow system. The resource poor farmers can adopt Crop-fish-poultry-MPTs system which required less investment with B:C ratio of 1.51.
2. Suitable agroforestry systems for hill ecosystem
Peach + Maize was found the most remunerative followed by Guava + Maize and Assam lemon + Maize in the mid hills of Meghalaya.
3. Mucuna genetic resources for higher yield and L-DOPA content
Highest seed yield per plant was recorded in the collection UPMP-11 (792 g) followed by WBNMP-3 (667 g), UPMP-2 (604 g), NGLMP-25 (572 g), WBNMP-6 (532 g) and WBNMP-7 (512 g). Nine collections such as ASMMP-30, NGLMP-25, NGLMP-28, UPMP-2, UPMP-11, WBNMP-1, WBNMP-3, WBNMP-6 and WBNMP-7 were resistant against rust.
4. Jatropha germplasm for higher yield and oil content
Highest seed yield was obtained from the PJS-2 (495 kg/ha) followed by Mawhati (485 kg/ha) and PJS-1 (475 kg/ha). Oil content was maximum for Mawhati (40.67 %) followed by Tura (39.67 %) and TFRI-2 (39.46 %).

Technologies / interventions available for farmers

  1. Location specific agroforestry models / integrated farming system for NE Region.
  2. Jhum improvement for sustainable production
  3. Bench terracing
  4. Bun across slope
  5. Contour cropping / Hedge row cropping
  6. Water harvesting (Jalkhund)
  7. Mixed cropping
  8. Half-moon terrace for fruit trees
  9. Contour drench / Catch pits
  10. Bio-fertilizers / Botanicals/ Composting
  11. High Yielding varieties
  12. Plant protection measures
  13. Mulching
  14. Micro-enterprises
  15. Piggery
  16. Poultry
  17. Apiary
  18. Aquaculture
  19. Mushroom
  20. Sericulture
  21. Lac cultivation
  22. Duckery
  23. Value addition